Papunya is a small Indigenous Australian community roughly 240km northwest of Alice Springs. It is now home to a number of displaced Aboriginal people mainly from the Pintupi and Luritja groups. Papunya is is the closest town to the Australian continental pole of inaccessibility.

During the 1970s a striking new art style emerged in Papunya, which by the 1980s began to attract national and then international attention as a significant art movement. Leading exponents of the style included Clifford Possum Tjapaltjarri, Billy Stockman Tjapaltjarri, Kaapa Tjampitjinpa, Turkey Tolson Tjupurrula, and Pansy Napangardi.